CGPA Full Form & CGPA Calculation Process

CGPA Full Form in Hindi: The full form of CGPA is “Cumulative Grade Point Average”. The Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is a crucial indicator of a student’s academic performance in educational institutions. The total academic achievement of the student is evaluated using this important educational grading system, which is utilized in schools and universities. Students are allotted grades like A, B, C, D, E, or F based on their performance.

In India, the grading system relies on the earned percentage, which varies among countries based on their ideals and institutional approaches. The CGPA system assesses a student’s performance by assigning grade point values to each completed course or subject. This system calculates an overall grade point average (CGPA). Universities and colleges often employ this system to determine scholarship, award, and academic honor eligibility. This article will elucidate the CGPA’s full form and how to calculate it.

What is CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average)?

The CGPA ( Full Form ) is “Cumulative Grade Point Average”. It numerically represents a student’s academic performance throughout a specific program. CGPA is calculated by considering the weighted average of the Grade Point Averages (GPAs) earned in individual courses or semesters. To understand the concept of Cumulative Grade Point Average, first, you need to understand the basic concept of GPA, which is necessary to calculate CGPA.

In educational systems that use a credit-based grading system, such as universities, colleges, and schools, CGPA is widely used to assess a student’s academic progress. It concisely measures a student’s achievements by considering the grades obtained in multiple courses over a particular period. Each course or subject is given a specific amount of credit hours, and each grade is assigned a corresponding grade point value under the CGPA system. These grade point values are often 0 to 10 or 0 to 4, depending on the educational institution. 

What is Grade Point Average (GPA) – CGPA Full Form?

If you want to calculate CGPA, firstly, you must know about the basic concept of GPA, which is mandatory to calculate CGPA. GPA (Grade Point Average) is used to specify grades for only a subject or semester. GPA and CGPA are related to one another since a student must have a good GPA in each subject to achieve a final good CGPA score. Simply put, a student must maintain a strong GPA to receive a high CGPA score.

The grade received in a certain subject or semester is called the Grade Point Average (GPA). The term Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) stands for the average of the GPA scores obtained in all the subjects.

The specific grading scale and corresponding grade points can vary depending on the educational institution or country. To calculate the GPA for a particular course, you convert the grade received in that course to its corresponding grade point based on the grading scale. Then, you average all the grade points earned in the courses to obtain the GPA.

CGPA Full Form 1

How To Calculate GPA (Grade Point Average) – CGPA Full Form?

Anyone who wants to calculate CGPA must calculate their GPA score first. The following steps are to calculate the Grade Point Average (GPA).  

For example, suppose a student has taken five subjects with the following grades.

Subjects Grade Points
Subject 1 8
Subject 2 9
Subject 3 7
Subject 4 9
Subject 5 7
Total Grade Points 40

To calculate the GPA, we sum the grade points earned in each subject (8+9+7+9+7 = 40) and divide by the total number of subjects (ie., 5). In this case, the GPA would be 40/5 = 8.

How To Calculate CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) – CGPA Full Form?

We will continue with the above example to calculate the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA). To calculate the CGPA, we multiply the GPA by 9.5.

  • To calculate the percentage, you must multiply the GPA score by 9.5.
  • The GPA earned in the above example is 8.
  • Hence, the final percentage will be 8 x 9.5 = 76%.

In this way, you can calculate the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA).

Different Grades Used In India – CGPA Full Form:

In India, various educational boards each use a unique grading system. Candidates can see the table below for how some of India’s state school boards calculate grade points.

Marks Obtained Numerical Grade Letter Grade Category
90-100 10 O Outstanding
80-89 9 A+ Excellent
70-79 8 A Very Good
60-69 7 B+ Good
50-59 6 B Above Average
45-49 5 C Average
40-44 4 D Pass
Less than 40 0 F Fail

Advantages Of CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) – Full Form:

  • Students can assess their weaknesses and strengths.
  • Due to this CGPA, the pressure to achieve the maximum score can be reduced.
  • Representation of these grades is easily understandable for educated and uneducated parents to analyze their children’s report cards.
  • Classifying students such as “Good Students”, “Average Students”, and “Below-Average-Students”, also offers the advantage of maintaining healthy competition among them.
  • Provides a comprehensive and consistent way to assess academic performance and progress.
  • Enables easy comparison of student performance across different courses and semesters.
  • It can be applied to determine if a student qualifies for graduate programs, scholarships, or academic honors.

Disadvantages Of CGPA  (Cumulative Grade Point Average) – Full Form:

  • The biggest disadvantage of this CGPA is that it does not accurately reflect the student’s performance. Instead, it shows only the grades.
  • Since Grade A ranges from 90 to 100, no student will aim for 100/100. The student who scored 90 is the same as the student who scored 100/100.
  • Since the grading system depends on assignments, projects, and attendance, students focus on these tasks rather than their subjects to get good grades.
  • It can be affected by grade inflation, where grades are inflated to appear better than they are.
  • It can be overly simplistic, as it does not consider a student’s strengths and weaknesses.
  • It does not consider the difficulty level of courses, as a student could have a high GPA in easier courses and a low GPA in harder courses.
  • The focus on maintaining a high GPA can lead to students prioritizing grades over learning.

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is a valuable tool that summarizes a student’s academic performance by considering the weighted average of GPAs earned in individual subjects or semesters. It is a standardized measure to calculate and compare students, providing a comprehensive overview of their academic journey. Understanding Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) and its significance can assist students, educational institutions, and employers make informed decisions regarding admissions, scholarships, and employment opportunities.

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